Dinosaur Garden Plants
Poppy Alstonia Hibiscus Rhododendron
Plants of the Mesozoic and Paleozoic Eras
Many of the plants that lived during the age of the dinosaurs, the Mesozoic Era, which includes the Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous Periods, are alive today and are scattered about the globe. They could be used to create a dinosaur garden or park that would give you great pleasure, add beauty to your community, and help re-establish living fossil plants.

Many of them live on the remnants of the southern hemisphere's ancient Gondwana supercontinent and others live in the northern hemisphere. They are as follows: the family Araucariaceae’s Wollemia nobilis (Wollemi Pine), Araucaria araucana (Monkey Puzzle  Tree), Araucaria bidwillii (Bunya Bunya), Araucaria columnaris, Araucaria rulei, Araucaria montana, Araucaria angustifolia, Araucaria heterophylla (Norfolk Island Pine), Araucaria cunninghamii (Hoop Pine), Araucaria hunsteinii, Araucaria arlaubenfelsii, Araucaria luxurians, Agathis australis (kauri Pine), Agathis microstachya (Atherton Kauri), Agathis robusta (Queensland Kauri); Parasitaxus usta of the Podocarpaceae family; the Gingko Biloba from China (an ancient species that may go back to the late Permian period of the Palaeozoic Era); Tree Ferns; Cycads; and Cretaceous Angiosperms such as Amborella trichopoda, a missing link from New Caledonia.

Other plants of interest include the Sequoia giganteum (Giant Sequoia), Santa Lucia Fir, Torry Pine, Bristlecone Pine, Atlas Cedar, Monterey Cypress, Metasequoia Glyptostroboides (Dawn Redwood), mid Triassic Sciadopitys verticillata
(Japanese Umbrella Pine), Magnolia Grandiflora (Southern Magnolia), Palms, and many others.

Many living fossil plants live in sub-tropical and warm temperate climates. The Gingko Biloba lives in a cold climatic zone where the temperature drops to - 20 degree Centigrade. It may also be able to tolerate much colder temperatures. The temperature tolerances are indicative of the climate conditions when the plants evolved.

One or more of the fern species in the extant genus Botrychium
(moonworts and grapeferns) may be a living cousin or ancestor of the extinct seed ferns of the Carboniferous period. Botrychium ferns are almost seed ferns. Leaf shapes of Botrychium lunaria and other Botrychium species are very similar to the leaf shapes of fossil seed ferns.

Your park will have a representative group of feathered dinosaurs. We call them birds. They will fly about, sing and make nests; at no cost to you.

The links below and Google's Image Search will direct you to photographs and locations where the plants can be seen in their natural and domesticated habitats. They may also help you locate places where they can be obtained. Living Mesozoic tropical forests can be seen at the New Caledonia and Pine Island web sites. Most of the 70.7% to 72.5% indigenous New Caledonia vascular plants are from the late Cretaceous period.
Amborella trichopoda New Caledonia
Araucaria araucana (Monkey-puzzle)
Araucaria Family Araucariaceae
Araucaria Podocarp UW-Madison

Buying a Wollemi Pine
California Yellow Pine Forest
Podocarpus Gymnosperm Database
Digital Flora of Texas
Ecology & EB Conservatory
Flowering Plants Missing Link
Fauna & Flora of New Caledonia
Flora New Caledonia

Gymnosperm Database Home Page
Gymnosperms of New Caledonia
Conifers of New Zealand
HortiPlex Database
Index of Coniferaes
Jane's Isle of Pines (Kunie)
Jane's New Caledonia Home Page
Japanese Umbrella-pine - Wikipedia
Landmark Trees of Fremont
MBG Flora Diversity New Caledonia
New Caledonia, 2000-2003 - Flickr
Norfolk Island National Park
Parasitaxus usta
Plant & Horticulture Databases
Plant Order Coniferales
PlantFiles Plant ID - Dave's Garden
Systematics of Agathis
The Ginkgo Pages
The New York Botanical Garden
The Rare Santa Lucia Fir
Trees of Reed
UBC Botanical Garden Araucariaceae
UCMP Berkeley
Virtual Cycad Encyclopedia Contents
Virtual New Caledonia Flora
Virtual New Caledonia Isle of Pines
Wollemi Pine Official Home

Z. Baillonii Z. Cristatum Hibbertia Baudouinii Agathisovata

Ginko Biloba Leaves & Seeds Agathis Australis Leaves Wollemi Nobilis Leaves H., B. & C. Araucaria Leaves
Ginko Biloba Leaves & Seeds Agathis Australis Leaves Wollemi Nobilis Leaves H., B. & C. Araucaria Leaves

                                                      Plants of the Mesozoic and Paleozoic Eras Continued
A Guide to Outdoor Planting
Abies bracteata Santa Lucia Fir 

Adders-tongues (Ophioglossum) Wikipedia
AJ - Information About Conifers
Alps conifer and mixed forests
American Fern Society
Ancient Bristlecone Pine
Angiosperm or Gymnosperm-
Araucariaceae (Araucaria family) description
Araucaria araucana (monkey puzzle) - At Kew
Araucaria columnaris - Wikipedia
Araucaria Species
Araucaria - Wikipedia
Arecaceae Palm family
Australian Botany pages
Australian Conifers
Australian Network for Plant Conservation
Australian Plants - Conifer
Balsam Fir, Abies balsamea
BC Environment Biodiversity Publications
BGCI Botanic Gardens Conservation
Biodiversity of New Caledonia - Wikipedia
Biodiversity Hotspots - Home
Bromeliads Cacti-Succulents Conifers Orchids
Burns Bog Conservation Society
Catalogue of Life 2007 Plantae
Catalogue of Life - 2007 Annual Checklist

Carboniferous Age Plants
Canadian Botanical Conservation Network
Cedar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cedrus (Cedars) description
Cedrus deodara (Himalaya Cedar) Wikipedia
Center for Plant Conservation
Central Florida Palm and Cycad Society
Clubmosses (Lycopodiopsida) Wikipedia
Cold-Hardy Tree Ferns
Conifers of Western North America
Conifer Trees of the Pacific Northwest
Dendrology at Virginia Tech Links
Devonian Times - Archaeopteris spp.
Devonian Times - Front Page
Devonian Times - The First Forests
DMOZ - Home: Gardening
Douglas-fir - Wikipedia,
East Afghan Montane Conifer Forests
Eastern Forests in Afghanistan
East Mediterranean sclerophyllous forests
Eastern Native Tree Society
eFloras.org Home
Eucalyptus regnans - Wikipedia
Evergreen: Green Cities, Healthy Planet
Evolution of Plants Through Geologic Time

Fern (Pteridophyta) Wikipedia
Flora of Australia - Wikipedia
Flowers, Plants, and Gardening: For Kids!
Forest ecology - Wikipedia
Galiano Conservancy Association
Garden Web World
Garry Oak Meadow Preservation Society
Giant Coast Redwood Sequoia sempervirens
Golden Vietnamese Cypress
GoPromoCodes Kids & Adults Gardening
Grape-ferns (Botrychium) Wikipedia
Grevillea gillivrayi Summit Isle of Pines
Growing Conifers Trees From Seed
Growing with seeds
Gymnosperm - Wikipedia
Gymnosperms (Conifers, cycads and allies) 
Gymnosperms - The Gymnosperm Database
Herb Garden Passion
Heshan Forestry Ecosystem
Horsetails (Equisetum) Wikipedia
Identify America's Common Trees
Internet Directory for Botany
Jardinature.com - A guide to gardening
Land Trust Alliance
List of botanical gardens - Wikipedia
List of botanical gardens in Australia
List of botanical gardens in Canada
List of botanical gardens in Egypt
List of botanical gardens in France
List of botanical gardens in Germany
List of botanical gardens in Hungary
List of botanical gardens in India
List of botanical gardens in Italy
List of botanical gardens in Japan
List of botanical gardens in United Kingdom
List of botanical gardens in United States
Mediterranean Conifer and Mixed Forests
Mediterranean Pines and Cedars
Metasequoia glypt. (Dawn Redwood)
Monkey puzzle Araucaria araucana ARKive
Monkey Puzzle Tree, Victoria, BC
Moonworts (Botrychium) Wikipedia
Mt. Read Huon pine
Nanaimo & Area Land Trust - NALT
Nanaimo Horticultural Society
Native Plant Society of British Columbia
Native Plant Study Group
NCC: Nature Conservancy of Canada
NC State University Trees
New Zealand Native Conifers
New Zealand native plants Conservation
Nothofagus moorei - Wikipedia
NZ Plant Conservation Network Database
Oregon Landscape Plants, Vol. 1
Pacific Horticulture Society Araucaria Family
Palm and Cycad Societies of Florida PACSOF
Pl@ntNet - Herbarium of IRD Nouméa (NOU)
Pinidae (conifers) The Gymnosperm Database
Pinus wallichiana (Himalayan White Pine)
Plants For A Future
Plant Search Online: Find Wholesale Plants
Plant Talk
PlantFiles Monkey Puzzle Tree
Plants of New Caledonia
Plants National Database
Podocarpaceae - Wikipedia
Quillworts (Isoetes) Wikipedia
Chinese National Ecosystem Network
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney Aus.
Scott's Botanical Links
Secretseeds: Rare Seeds
Silvics NA Manual 1-Conifers 2-Hardwoods
Spikemosses (Selaginella) Wikipedia
Temperate rainforest - Wikipedia
The American Conifer Society
The Land Conservancy of BC 
The Plant List
Torrey Pines State Reserve
Tree Encyclopedia
Tree - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tropical Trees: Raising Seedlings
UBC Botanical Garden Blog Wollemi Pine
U. Wisconsin Phylum Directory
Valhalla Wilderness Society
Walking with Dinosaurs - Podocarp

Whisk Ferns (Psilotum) Wikipedia
Gardening BC - Wollemi Pine
Welcome! Cowichan Land Trust
Welcome to BGCI PlantSearch!
Welcome to the PLANTS Database
Wollemi pine on display - Australian Museum
World Checklist Selected Plant Families: Kew
World Wildlife Fund 

World Wildlife Fund - Ecoregions
WWF - List of Ecoregions

Atractocarpus Magnolia Odontoglossum Gardenia

Basic Construction And Carpentry Techniques

Thecodonts, Crocodilians, Dinosaurs And Mammals
Triassic Thecodonts Looked Like Modern Crocodilians Dinosaurs Were Faster Than Triassic Monotreme Mammals And Their Urinary And Respiratory Systems Were More Efficient
Thecodonts Walked Like Modern Crocodilians Mammals Lost Half Of Their Colour Vision Because of Dinosaur Competition
Fast Moving Dinosaurs Evolved From Triassic Thecodonts Dinosaurs And Ancient Birds Were Tetrachromats
Monotreme Mammals Have Characteristics Of Both Mammals And Reptiles
Dinosaurs In The Form Of Birds Still Rule The World

Paleozoic Era
Devonian Period
Archaeopteris Forest Landscape

See A Real Devonian Archaeopteris Forest Without Going Back In Time
The Real Difference Between A Seed And A Spore
Archaeopteris Forest Landscape 2
Extant Lycophytes such as the Quillwort (Isoetes), a close relative to the Carboniferous period's Lepidodendron, do not live in salty 
ocean water. Devonian Lycophytes probably grew in wet soil and bodies of fresh water. They may also have lived in the ocean close to shore where fresh water from rivers entered the ocean.

Late Devonian Period Plants
Archaeopteris Forest Landscape 3
Archaeopteris Forest Landscape 4
Archaeopteris Forest Landscape 5
Archaeopteris Forest Landscape 6
Devonian Archaeopteris 3 (Ancient Fern) Trees
Devonian Archaeopteris (Ancient Fern) Tree 1
Devonian Archaeopteris (Ancient Fern) Tree 2
Devonian Archaeopteris (Ancient Fern) Tree 3

Late Devonian Period Plants
Archaeopteris (Aborescent Progymnosperm) Branch & Leaves
Barinophyton Obscurum (Barinophyte)
Clevelandodendron Ohioensis (Lycopsid)
Elkinsia Polymorpha (Seed Plant - Gymnosperm)
Gillespiea Randolphensis (Fern)
Lepidodendropsis (Aborescent Lycopsid)
Otzinachsonia Beerboweri (Aborescent Lycopsid)
Rhacophyton Ceratangium (Fern)
Late Carboniferous Period Plants
Conifer: Walchia piniformis
Conifer: Swillingtonia denticulata
Pecopteris Seed and Real Fern Foliage
Seed Fern: Alethopteris valida
Seed Fern: Asterotheca oriopteridia
Seed Fern: Neuropteris tenuifolia
Cordaite Trunk and Leaf Bases
Cordaite Leaves
Cordaite Female Cone
Cycad: Spermopteris coriacea Branches and Leaves
Late Carboniferous Period Plants
Sphenophyte: Sphenophyllum cuneifolium
Calamite: Annularia sphenophylloides
Calamite: Asterophyllites equisetiformis
Calamite cisti Branches
Arborescent Clubmoss (Lycopod) Stump and Roots
Lycopod: Lepidodendron aculeatum Leaf Scars
Lycopod: Lepidodendron Foliage and Cone (Lepidostrobus)
Lycopod: Sigillaria tessalata Trunk Leaf Scars
Lycopod: Sigillaria Cones (Sigillariostrobus)
Permian Period Plants
Conifer: Culmitzschia goeppertiana
Conifer: Culmitzschia speciosa

Conifer: Ernestiodendron filiciforme
Conifer: Otovicia (Walchia) hypnoides
Conifer: Walchia piniformis
Conifer: Walchian conifer
Cordaite: Cordaite Leaves
Fern: Danaeites emersoni
Fern: Delnortea abbottii
Gingko leaf: Gingkoites pedroanum
Ginkgo leaves: Baiera digitales
Ginkgo leaf: Notoangaridium criciumensis
Ginkgo: Trichopitys heteromorpha & Conifer: Walchia piniformis
Glossopteris communis leaf
Glossopteris leaf
Glossopteris ovules: Arberia minasica  & Arberiopsis boureaui
Cycad  and/or Seed Fern: Taeniopteris multinervis & conifer twigs
Permian Period Plants
Sphenophyte: Annularia crassiscula
Sphenophyte: Annularia papiliformis
Sphenophyte: Annularia pratylenchidae
Sphenophyte: Asterophyllites longifolius

Sphenophyte: Phyllotheca griesbachii
Sphenophyte: Phyllotheca indica
Lycophyte: Sigillaria brardi
Seed Fern: Auritifolia waggoneri
Seed Fern: Autunia conferta
Seed Fern: Gracilopteris bergeronii
Seed Fern: Gracilopteris strigosa
Seed Fern: Lodevia nicklesii
Seed Fern: Neuropteris sp.
Seed Fern: Odontopteris sp.
Seed Fern: Rhachiphyllum lodevensis
Seed Fern: Rhachiphyllum subauriculata
Late Devonian, Late Carboniferous, And Early Permian Cross Sections
Late Devonian Famennian Acadian Mountains & Catskill Delta Lower Permian Rotliegend Autunian Euramerica
Late Carboniferous Mire & Upslope Forests Stephanian Euramerica


Wollemia Nobilis Leaves & Female Cone Araucaria Bidwilli Cone Agathis Robusta Leaves  & Cone Parasitaxis Usta
Wollemia Nobilis Leaves & Female Cone Araucaria Bidwilli Cone Agathis Robusta Leaves & Cone Parasitaxis Usta

Banksia  Pyrola Bessera Elegans Carpolepis Laurifolia

Basic Construction And Carpentry Techniques

Written and maintained by
Ronald Hunter

Copyright © Ronald Hunter, 2005. All rights reserved.
All rights reserved